On 31 December 2019, unknown-caused pneumonia disease was detected in Wuhan City, China, which was followed by the identification of novel coronavirus SARS-CoV2 as the causes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The disease has grown rapidly (Anderson et al., 2020), and as of 17 September 2020, half a year after World Health Organization (WHO) declared a pandemic situation, COVID-19 was reported to reach 115.8 million cases with more than 2.5 million deaths confirmed worldwide (WHO, 2021).

Indonesia has undergone the first case of COVID-19 on March 2, 2020, with 2 confirmed cases. As the latest update, there are currently more than 1.35 million and 36,721 death cases. Large-scales social restrictions (PSBB) with period of two weeks have been implemented by the government in the epicenter of transmission which is Jakarta Metropolitan Area (WHO, 2021). Yet, after the policy was revoked, the number of cases keeps growing which led to the second PSBB on September 14, 2020, by the Governor of DKI Jakarta.

Various responses have been made (Yamey et al., 2020). Non-pharmaceuticals interventions (NIPs) such as population containment to reduce transmission by reducing contact rates (Ferguson et al., 2020) were common strategies used by various countries (Flaxman et al., 2020; Gaythorpe et al., 2020). Although the interventions might be effective, yet the results still vary widely across different settings. Policy discussion needs to think about leveraging the effort for promoting health protocol, both from the macro-policy level; for example, leveraging the fiscal capacity; as well as strengthening social protection for the ultra-poor groups; for example, unconditional cash transfer and cash for work.

To facilitate the above issues, the InaHEA 2021 Biennial Scientific Meeting (BSM) is keen to provide an opportunity to inform, clarify, consider, and debate the roles of health economics and econometrics (HE2) in strengthening the evidence for gathering the national action plan to combat the COVID-19 challenges. Also, InaHEA will have a special session on the voices of Indonesian policymakers to present the current regulation, challenges, and special targets to combat COVID-19.

Indonesian Health Economics Association (InaHEA), Center for Economics and Development Studies (CEDS), Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran, and Young Health Economist Policy Studies (YHEPS) are pleased to be co-hosting the 7th InaHEA BSM which will be held on *September 21st – September 23rd, 2021 in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. The theme of the BSM is “Protecting People: Indonesia’s Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic, Health Economic Point of Views